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Hit and Run Accidents in Colorado: Know the Law and Consequences

Colorado Hit and Run Accidents: Understanding the Law and Its ConsequencesHit and run accidents can have severe consequences, and in Colorado, the law takes these incidents very seriously. It is essential for drivers to understand their obligations when involved in an accident and the potential penalties they may face if they choose to flee the scene.

In this article, we will explore the obligations of drivers under Colorado state law and the various penalties associated with hit and run incidents.

Obligations of drivers under Colorado state law

Obligations of drivers in accidents involving occupied vehicles:

In Colorado, if you are involved in a car accident, you have certain obligations under state law. These obligations include staying at the scene of the accident and complying with specific requirements.

Here are some key points to remember:

– If an accident involves an occupied vehicle, the driver must immediately stop at the scene or as close as possible to it. – Remain at the scene until all necessary information has been exchanged with the other involved parties, including names, addresses, and vehicle registration numbers.

– Provide reasonable assistance to anyone injured in the accident, including arranging medical aid if necessary. – In the event of property damage, the driver must attempt to locate and notify the owner before leaving the scene.

Hit and run incidents involving unattended vehicles or property:

Colorado law also addresses hit and run incidents involving unattended vehicles or property. Here are the obligations that a driver must fulfill:

– If you hit an unattended vehicle or other property, you must immediately stop and locate the owner or person in charge of the property.

– If you cannot locate the owner, you must leave a written notice containing your contact information and a brief description of the accident. – It is crucial to provide this notice in a conspicuous place on the damaged vehicle or property.

If the property owner cannot be immediately identified, the notice must be reported to the nearest law enforcement agency.

Penalties for hit and run in Colorado

Hit and run involving an unattended vehicle:

If a hit and run incident involves an unattended vehicle, the penalties are as follows:

– Causing property damage without attempting to locate the owner or leaving a notice is considered a Class 2 misdemeanor. – Conviction for a Class 2 misdemeanor can result in up to 12 months in jail and fines of up to $1,000.

Hit and run causing bodily or serious bodily injury:

Hit and run incidents causing bodily or serious bodily injury carry severe consequences:

– Leaving the scene of an accident resulting in bodily injury is considered a Class 1 misdemeanor. – A Class 1 misdemeanor carries penalties including up to 18 months in jail and fines of up to $5,000.

– In addition to jail time and fines, restitution may also be ordered to compensate the victim for medical expenses or other damages. If the hit and run incident causes serious bodily injury, the penalties increase significantly:

– Leaving the scene of an accident resulting in serious bodily injury is considered a Class 4 felony.

– A Class 4 felony is punishable by up to six years in prison and fines of up to $500,000. – Restitution may also be ordered in these cases.

Hit and run causing fatality:

When a hit and run results in a fatality, the penalties are even more severe:

– Leaving the scene of an accident resulting in a fatality is considered a Class 3 felony. – A Class 3 felony carries penalties including up to 12 years in prison and fines of up to $750,000.

– In addition to these criminal penalties, the family of the victim may pursue a wrongful death claim against the hit and run driver. Conclusion:

Hit and run accidents are a serious offense in Colorado, and understanding the obligations as well as the consequences is crucial.

By staying at the scene of an accident and fulfilling your obligations as a driver, you can avoid facing significant penalties. Remember, the law is in place to protect everyone involved and to ensure that accountability is upheld.

Drive responsibly and always act ethically if you find yourself in an unfortunate accident.

Statute of limitations for hit-and-run charges in Colorado

Statute of limitations for different hit-and-run charges

When it comes to hit-and-run accidents, there is a time limit within which charges must be filed against the responsible driver. This time limit is known as the statute of limitations.

The statute of limitations varies depending on the severity of the hit-and-run incident. For fatal hit-and-run accidents or incidents involving vehicular homicide, the statute of limitations in Colorado is typically three years from the date of the accident.

Vehicular homicide occurs when a death results from the operation of a motor vehicle, and the driver fails to remain at the scene or fulfill their legal obligations. It’s critical for law enforcement to investigate and charge responsible drivers within this timeframe to ensure justice is served.

In hit-and-run cases involving serious injury, the statute of limitations is also three years in Colorado. Serious injury refers to a significant impairment or loss of bodily function or the substantial risk thereof.

These cases involve accidents where drivers cause significant harm to individuals and then flee the scene without providing the necessary assistance or information. For hit-and-run incidents resulting in non-serious injuries, there is a two-year statute of limitations in Colorado.

Non-serious injury refers to any injury that does not meet the criteria for serious injury but still requires medical attention or treatment. It is essential for victims of hit-and-run accidents to report the incident as soon as possible to law enforcement to ensure that charges can be filed within this two-year timeframe.

When it comes to property damage hit-and-run cases, the statute of limitations is typically three years in Colorado. Property damage refers to any damage caused to someone’s vehicle or other property.

Even though these incidents may not involve physical harm to individuals, it is still essential for drivers to fulfill their obligations and take responsibility for any damages caused.

Limitation on pressing criminal charges

While the statute of limitations sets a timeframe for filing hit-and-run charges, it’s crucial to understand that this timeframe only applies to the criminal charges brought by the district attorney. It does not limit the ability of the victim to pursue a civil claim against the responsible driver.

In hit-and-run cases, it is common for victims to pursue civil action to seek compensation for their injuries or property damages. Civil actions are separate from criminal charges and can proceed independently.

Therefore, even if the statute of limitations for criminal charges has expired, a victim can still potentially pursue a civil claim against the hit-and-run driver. It’s important to note that the decision to press criminal charges ultimately rests with the district attorney.

While the statute of limitations provides a timeframe within which charges must be filed, the district attorney has the discretion to consider the circumstances of each case and determine whether sufficient evidence exists to pursue criminal charges. If evidence emerges after the statute of limitations has expired, it may impact the ability to bring criminal charges but may still be relevant to a civil case.

In cases where the hit-and-run driver is located after the statute of limitations has expired, the investigation and evidence collection may still continue. This information can be helpful in providing closure to the victim and their families and assisting with insurance claims or civil actions.


Understanding the statute of limitations for hit-and-run charges in Colorado is crucial for both victims and law enforcement agencies. By filing charges within the specified timeframes, the criminal justice system can hold responsible drivers accountable for their actions.

Victims must also be aware that they may still have options for seeking compensation through civil action, even if the criminal statute of limitations has expired. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure justice is served and that hit-and-run incidents are appropriately addressed within the legal system.

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