Reveal Law

Understanding Liability and Defenses in Tanning Bed Burn Lawsuits: Protecting Your Rights

Title: Understanding Liability and Defenses in Tanning Bed Burn LawsuitsImagine going to a tanning salon to achieve a beautifully bronzed complexion, only to end up with a painful burn. Can the tanning salon be held liable for your injury?

In this article, we delve into the intriguing world of tanning bed burn lawsuits, exploring the potential liability of salons and the defenses they might employ. By understanding these legal aspects, you can make informed decisions and protect your rights in case of an unfortunate accident.

Can a tanning salon be held liable for a tanning bed burn? Liability of the salon:

When it comes to tanning bed burns, holding a tanning salon liable can depend on several factors.

Salons have a duty of care towards their clients, which implies providing a safe environment. If a tanning salon fails to fulfill this duty and a customer sustains burns, they might be held liable.

Examples of situations where the salon could be held liable include using faulty equipment, failing to properly maintain the tanning beds, or neglecting to educate clients about proper tanning bed usage. If any of these circumstances contribute to a tanning bed burn, the salon can potentially be held responsible.

Negligence by the salon:

Negligence is a central element in determining liability in tanning bed burn lawsuits. For a salon to be liable, it must be proven that they breached their duty of care through negligent actions or omissions.

Negligence can be established by demonstrating that the salon failed to meet industry standards, such as neglecting to test the tanning bed’s temperature regularly. Furthermore, if the salon hires untrained or inexperienced staff members who do not properly monitor the clients’ tanning sessions, it can be considered an act of negligence.

Proving negligence is crucial in holding a tanning salon liable for a tanning bed burn.

Defenses to overcome in a tanning bed burn lawsuit

Contributory or comparative negligence:

Defendants in tanning bed burn lawsuits may employ the defense of contributory or comparative negligence, aiming to shift part or all of the blame onto the injured party. Contributory negligence suggests that the plaintiff’s own actions contributed to the burn, while comparative negligence compares the degrees of fault between the plaintiff and the defendant.

For example, if you failed to follow the salon’s instructions on tanning bed usage, the salon might argue that your tanning bed burn was partly caused by your own negligence. However, it is important to consult with an experienced attorney to counter such defenses and protect your rights.

Assumption of the risk:

Another defense used in tanning bed burn lawsuits is assumption of the risk. This defense holds that the plaintiff was aware of the potential risks associated with tanning bed usage and willingly accepted them.

By signing a waiver or informed consent form, a tanning salon may argue that you assumed the risk of a burn, absolving them of any liability. However, even if you signed such a form, it does not give salons the license to engage in gross negligence or recklessness.

Courts often scrutinize these waivers to ensure they are fair and reasonable. If the salon’s actions or omissions demonstrate a lack of ordinary care, the defense of assumption of the risk may not hold.


By understanding the potential liability of tanning salons and the defenses they may employ in tanning bed burn lawsuits, you can protect your rights and make informed decisions. In case of an unfortunate incident, consult with a legal professional experienced in personal injury and premises liability law to ensure your interests are adequately represented.

Stay informed, stay safe, and let your glow shine responsibly.

Common Injuries from Sunbeds

Types of injuries

Sunbeds, popular for their ability to provide a bronzed appearance, are not without their risks. Understanding the range of potential injuries can help individuals make informed decisions and take necessary precautions.

Here are some common injuries associated with sunbed usage:

1. Sunburn: Sunbeds emit concentrated ultraviolet (UV) radiation, sometimes exceeding the intensity of the sun.

Prolonged exposure to these rays can cause sunburn, characterized by redness, pain, and peeling of the skin. 2.

Eye injuries: The strong UV rays emitted by sunbeds can also harm the eyes. Failure to wear protective goggles or using faulty eyewear can lead to conditions such as photokeratitis (corneal sunburn) or even long-term damage like cataracts.

3. Skin damage: Repeatedly using sunbeds can increase the risk of skin aging, wrinkles, and fine lines.

Additionally, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can damage the DNA within skin cells, potentially leading to skin cancer over time. 4.

Heat-related injuries: Sunbeds generate a significant amount of heat, which can pose a risk of burns. In some cases, individuals have sustained second or even third-degree burns due to prolonged exposure or malfunctioning equipment.

5. Allergic reactions: Some people may develop allergic reactions to the chemicals used in tanning lotions or disinfectants in sunbeds.

Allergies can manifest as rashes, itching, or even more severe reactions like hives or difficulty breathing.

Medical treatment for sunbed injuries

In the event of an injury from a sunbed, seeking prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent further complications and ensure proper treatment. Here are some common medical treatments for sunbed injuries:


Sunburn care: Over-the-counter pain relievers and topical medications, such as aloe vera gel, can provide relief from sunburn symptoms. Medical professionals may also prescribe ointments or creams to reduce inflammation and promote healing.

2. Eye injury treatment: If you experience eye discomfort or vision problems after using a sunbed without eye protection, it is essential to consult an eye specialist.

They can assess the extent of the damage and recommend appropriate treatment, such as eye drops or medications. 3.

Skin cancer screenings: Any suspicion of skin cancer due to sunbed usage warrants a visit to a dermatologist. They will conduct a thorough examination of the skin, potentially perform a biopsy, and formulate a treatment plan tailored to individual needs.

4. Burn management: Depending on the severity of a burn, medical professionals may recommend various treatments, including topical antibiotics, wound dressings, and pain management strategies.

Severe burns may require specialized care, such as skin grafts or surgical interventions. 5.

Allergy management: If an allergic reaction occurs after using a sunbed or tanning lotion, seeking medical guidance is essential. Doctors can assess the reaction and prescribe antihistamines or other appropriate medications to relieve symptoms.

Salon’s Liability for Employee Negligence

Vicarious liability

When a salon employee is negligent in their duties, the salon itself can be held liable for their actions or omissions. This concept, known as vicarious liability, holds employers responsible for the negligence of their employees that occurs within the scope of their employment.

Here’s how it works:

1. Employee duties: If an employee negligently operates a sunbed, fails to adequately maintain equipment, or improperly advises customers about safe usage, their actions fall within the scope of their employment.

2. Employer responsibility: Salon owners are responsible for the actions of their employees when performing their job duties.

Therefore, if a customer sustains injuries due to employee negligence, they can pursue legal action against both the employee and the salon. 3.

Negligent hiring or training: Salon owners have a duty to hire competent employees and ensure they receive proper training. If it can be shown that the salon failed in these obligations, such as employing unqualified staff or neglecting to provide adequate training, it strengthens the case for salon liability.

Implicating the salon in lawsuits

When filing a lawsuit against a salon for employee negligence, several legal theories can be relied upon to implicate the salon. These theories help to establish the salon’s liability and seek compensation for the injuries sustained.

Here are two common ways of implicating the salon:

1. Negligence: If it can be proven that the salon did not fulfill its duty of care to provide a safe environment and properly trained staff, the injured party can allege negligence.

This involves establishing that the salon breached its duty, directly causing the injuries sustained from employee negligence. 2.

Respondeat superior: This legal doctrine holds that salon owners are responsible for the actions of their employees while acting within the scope of their employment. By demonstrating that the employee’s actions or omissions occurred within the course of their employment, the injured party can hold the salon vicariously liable for the employee’s negligence.


Understanding the potential injuries from sunbed usage and the salon’s liability for employee negligence is essential for anyone considering tanning salon services. By knowing the risks, individuals can take necessary precautions and make informed decisions regarding their well-being.

In case of injury due to negligence, seeking guidance from legal professionals specializing in personal injury law can help protect one’s rights and seek appropriate compensation. Stay informed, prioritize safety, and make choices that contribute to your overall well-being.

Compensation for Tanning Bed Burns

Types of Compensation

Suffering a tanning bed burn can be a distressing experience, both physically and emotionally. In many cases, victims of tanning bed burns may be entitled to seek compensation for their injuries.

Understanding the types of compensation available can help injured individuals navigate the legal process and ensure they are fairly compensated. Here are the common types of compensatory damages awarded in tanning bed burn cases:


Medical Expenses: This includes reimbursement for any medical treatment and related expenses incurred as a direct result of the tanning bed burn. It covers costs such as hospital stays, doctor visits, medications, surgeries, rehabilitation, and therapy sessions.

It also takes into account future medical expenses if long-term care or follow-up treatment is necessary. 2.

Lost Wages: Tanning bed burn injuries may require individuals to take time off work to recover. Compensation for lost wages aims to cover the income missed during the recovery period.

It considers both the actual time taken off work and any future loss of earning capacity if the injuries result in long-term or permanent disability. 3.

Pain and Suffering: This compensates victims for the physical pain, discomfort, and emotional distress caused by the tanning bed burn. It takes into account the severity of the burn itself, the extent of scarring or disfigurement, and any long-lasting psychological effects, such as anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

4. Disfigurement and Scarring: If the tanning bed burn results in visible scarring or disfigurement, additional compensation may be awarded.

The amount of compensation depends on the severity and permanence of the scarring, as well as its impact on an individual’s self-esteem, body image, and quality of life. 5.

Loss of Enjoyment: This compensates individuals for the loss of the ability to participate in activities and hobbies they enjoyed prior to the tanning bed burn. For example, if the burn has left a person unable to engage in certain physical activities or enjoy outdoor experiences without increased discomfort, they may be eligible for compensation.

Additional Punitive Damages

In some cases, punitive damages may be awarded in addition to compensatory damages. While compensatory damages aim to compensate the victim for their losses, punitive damages serve as a form of punishment for the responsible party and as a deterrent against similar behavior in the future.

Punitive damages are usually awarded when the defendant’s actions are found to be particularly egregious, involving reckless behavior, extreme negligence, or intentional misconduct. In the context of tanning bed burns, punitive damages may be applicable if the salon knowingly or willfully exposed customers to dangerous conditions, repeatedly failed to maintain equipment, or demonstrated a willful disregard for customer safety.

The amount of punitive damages awarded varies depending on factors such as the defendant’s financial resources and the severity of their misconduct. Courts strive to strike a balance between punishing the defendant and ensuring the award is not excessive or disproportionate.

It is important to note that punitive damages are not available in all cases and their availability may depend on jurisdiction and specific circumstances surrounding the tanning bed burn. Consulting with an experienced personal injury attorney is crucial to understanding the applicability and potential amount of punitive damages in a specific case.


Seeking compensation for tanning bed burns can provide victims with the financial resources and support they need to recover from their injuries and move forward. Understanding the types of compensatory damages available, such as medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, disfigurement and scarring, and loss of enjoyment, is essential when pursuing a legal claim.

In certain cases, punitive damages may also be awarded to punish the responsible party for their misconduct. By consulting with a knowledgeable attorney specializing in personal injury law, victims can navigate the legal process and seek fair and just compensation for their tanning bed burn injuries.

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