Reveal Law

Unveiling the VOCP: Understanding Covered and Excluded Expenses

Title: Understanding Expenses Covered and Not Covered by the VOCPWhen a crime occurs, it can have lasting effects on the victims and their families. Recognizing this, the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) was introduced to provide financial assistance to victims to help them recover and rebuild their lives.

Understanding which expenses are covered by the VOCP and which are not can help victims access the support they need. In this article, we will discuss the expenses covered by the VOCP and highlight those that are not covered, ensuring victims are well-informed and empowered in their journey towards healing.

Expenses Covered by the VOCP

Childcare costs

– Childcare costs can be a significant burden on victims who are trying to rebuild their lives. The VOCP covers these costs, enabling victims to receive the necessary support for their children while they focus on recovery.

Medical bills

– Victims often face substantial medical bills resulting from the crimes committed against them. The VOCP covers essential medical expenses such as hospitals, ambulance services, clinical visits, home health care, dental work, and other related treatments.

This ensures that victims can receive the necessary medical attention without the added worry of financial strain.

Insurance co-pays

– The VOCP also covers insurance co-pays, as victims should not be burdened with additional costs when seeking medical treatment or recovering from their traumatic experiences.

Medical equipment

– Victims with permanent disabilities or injuries may require specialized medical equipment, such as wheelchairs or prosthetics. The VOCP covers the costs associated with obtaining and maintaining such equipment, ensuring victims have the tools necessary to lead fulfilling lives.

Prescription drugs

– The cost of prescription drugs can quickly add up, but victims can find relief through the VOCP, which covers these expenses. This ensures that victims have access to necessary medications without worrying about their financial impact.

Vision prosthetics and eyeglass replacement

– Victims who have suffered vision loss or damage due to a crime can access support for vision prosthetics and replacement of eyeglasses under the VOCP. This provision helps victims regain their visual abilities and reduce the financial strain associated with such needs.

Mental health counseling

– Recognizing the importance of mental health, the VOCP covers the costs of mental health counseling for victims. This provision acknowledges that the emotional impact of crimes can be long-lasting and assists victims in finding healing and support as they navigate their recovery.

Lost wages

– During the recovery period, many victims may experience significant time away from work, resulting in lost wages. The VOCP covers the loss of wages, offering a safety net to help victims financially during their recovery.

Funeral and burial

– In cases where the crime leads to the tragic loss of a loved one, the VOCP provides coverage for funeral and burial expenses. This provision ensures that victims and their families can give their loved ones a proper farewell without the added financial burden.

Loss of support for dependents

– The VOCP also recognizes the potential loss of financial support for dependents resulting from a crime and provides coverage to help bridge the gap. This support assists families in maintaining stability during difficult times.

Emergency shelter and moving costs

– In cases where victims need to relocate or seek emergency shelter due to safety concerns, the VOCP covers the associated expenses. This provision ensures that victims have access to safe and secure housing without worrying about the financial implications.

Crime scene cleanup

Crime scene cleanup can be a difficult task, emotionally and financially. The VOCP covers the costs of crime scene cleanup, easing the burden on victims and their families.

Home security repair

– Victims may require home security repairs or improvements to feel safe and secure again. The VOCP covers these expenses, offering victims peace of mind by ensuring safety measures are in place.

Expenses Not Covered by the VOCP

Pain and suffering

– While the VOCP covers numerous expenses associated with physical and emotional recovery, it does not provide compensation specifically for pain and suffering. Instead, it is focused on ensuring victims receive necessary support and assistance to rebuild their lives.

Expenses covered by insurance or other sources

– If a victim has insurance coverage, other sources of financial support, or access to assistance programs for certain expenses, the VOCP does not duplicate those efforts. It is designed to complement existing avenues of support and help with expenses that may fall outside the scope of other resources.

Property damage

– The VOCP does not cover property damage resulting from a crime. Victims should explore other options, such as insurance or civil actions, to seek compensation for property damage.

Lost or stolen property or money

– The VOCP does not cover losses resulting from stolen property or money. Victims should contact local law enforcement to report the crime and explore other potential sources of compensation or recovery.

Expenses unrelated to the crime

– The VOCP is designed to assist with expenses directly related to the crime committed against the victim. Unrelated expenses, such as pre-existing medical conditions or non-crime-related accidents, are not covered.

Victim restitution

– The VOCP does not cover victim restitution, which involves compensation from the offender as ordered by the court.

Victim restitution is separate from the financial support provided by the VOCP.


Understanding the scope of expenses covered and not covered by the VOCP is crucial for victims seeking financial assistance in their journey towards recovery. By recognizing the support available and the limitations of the program, victims can make informed decisions and find the right resources to meet their needs.

The VOCP serves as a vital lifeline for many victims, ensuring they have the necessary tools and support to rebuild their lives after experiencing the trauma of a crime.

Eligibility Requirements for the VOCP

Experience of a violent crime

To be eligible for assistance from the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA), an individual must have experienced a qualifying violent crime. Examples of qualifying crimes include rape, battery, domestic violence, driving under the influence (DUI) collisions, child abuse, elder abuse, and other violent acts.

The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that those who have suffered physical, emotional, or financial harm resulting from a crime are eligible for support.

Reporting the crime within five days

Victims seeking assistance from the VOCP must report the crime to law enforcement or a related agency within five days of its occurrence. Reporting the crime promptly helps ensure the accuracy of information and supports the investigation process.

In cases involving child abuse, victims or their guardians should report the abuse to child protective services within the specified timeframe. It is essential to adhere to the reporting deadline to preserve the victim’s eligibility for financial assistance.

Submission of the application within one year

In addition to reporting the crime, victims must submit their VOCP application within one year of the crime’s occurrence. This timeframe allows victims a reasonable period to gather the necessary documentation and information required for the application.

While extenuating circumstances may be considered, it is generally recommended to submit the application as soon as possible. By adhering to the application submission deadline, victims can ensure their eligibility for the comprehensive support provided by the VOCP.

Filing before reaching 21 years for minor victims of certain crimes

For minors who are victims of sexual assault, molestation, or child pornography, their eligibility for VOCP assistance extends until they reach 21 years of age. This provision recognizes the unique challenges faced by minors in coping with such crimes and allows them sufficient time to report and seek support.

Filing an application before reaching the age of 21 ensures that minor victims are not disadvantaged and have access to the assistance they may require in their recovery journey.

Non-participation in committing the crime

To be eligible for assistance from the VOCP, victims must demonstrate that they did not participate in the commission of the crime. This requirement aims to provide support to those who have been unjustly harmed by criminal acts rather than assisting those involved in illegal activities.

Victims who voluntarily participated in the criminal act are not eligible for financial assistance under the VOCP.

Full cooperation with law enforcement and the VOCP

Victims seeking assistance from the VOCP are expected to fully cooperate with law enforcement and the VOCP throughout the investigative and application process. This includes providing accurate information, attending court proceedings when necessary, and actively engaging with law enforcement and the VOCP personnel.

Cooperation is vital in ensuring that victims receive the appropriate support and that justice is pursued for the crimes committed against them.

Applying for VOCP Assistance

Completion and submission of the VOCP application

To apply for assistance from the VOCP, victims must complete and submit the VOCP application form. This form collects essential details about the crime, the victim’s injuries or losses, and any related medical or counseling services received.

It is crucial to provide accurate and detailed information to help the VOCP evaluate the application thoroughly. Victims should take their time to fill out the form, ensuring all sections are completed and any supporting documentation is attached as required.

Contact information for application submission

Once the application is complete, victims can submit it to the VOCP through various channels. The preferred method may vary depending on the region, so it is essential to check the specific instructions provided by the VOCP office in the victim’s jurisdiction.

Typically, victims can choose between mailing the application to a designated address, submitting it via fax, or emailing the completed form and supporting documentation. Most VOCP offices also provide a contact number or helpline for victims to seek assistance or clarification during the application process.

In conclusion,

Understanding the eligibility requirements and application process for VOCP assistance is vital for victims seeking support after experiencing a violent crime. By meeting the qualifications outlined by the VOCP, victims can access the financial assistance needed for their recovery.

Reporting the crime promptly, submitting the application within the designated timeframe, and cooperating with law enforcement and the VOCP are crucial steps in ensuring eligibility. By completing the VOCP application accurately and submitting it through the appropriate channels, victims can pave the way for a smoother application process and receive the comprehensive support they deserve.

Appeal Process for Denied VOCP Applications

Timeframe for appealing a denied application

If a victim’s application for assistance from the VOCP is denied, they have the option to initiate an appeal. It is important to note that the appeal must be filed within 60 days of receiving the denial notice.

This timeframe allows victims sufficient time to gather any additional evidence or information that may support their case during the appeal process.

Scheduling of a hearing by the Compensation Officer

Once an appeal is filed, the Compensation Officer will review the case and schedule a hearing. The purpose of the hearing is to provide the victim with an opportunity to present their case and provide any further evidence or documentation in support of their application.

The Compensation Officer, as an impartial party, will evaluate the appeal and make a decision based on the presented information.

Options for appearance at the hearing

For the hearing, victims have the option to appear in person or by phone, depending on their preference and availability. Appearing in person allows the victim to directly present their case and answer any questions from the Compensation Officer.

If choosing to appear by phone, victims should ensure they have a stable and private line to participate effectively in the hearing.

Submission of a written statement as an alternative to appearance

If a victim is unable to appear at the hearing, they have the option to submit a written statement instead. This written statement should provide a comprehensive overview of their appeal, including any additional evidence or information that supports their claim.

The Compensation Officer will consider the written statement when making their decision.

Decision timeline for the Hearing Officer

After the hearing, the Hearing Officer typically has 15 days to issue a decision on the appeal. This timeline allows for a prompt resolution to the appeal process, ensuring victims receive a timely response regarding their eligibility for assistance from the VOCP.

Victims should be aware that this decision is final unless they choose to proceed with a second appeal.

Second appeal process

If a victim disagrees with the decision made by the Hearing Officer, they have the option to initiate a second appeal within 15 days of receiving the decision. This second appeal process provides an additional opportunity for the victim to present their case and address any concerns or issues that may have arisen during the initial appeal.

Scheduling of a hearing by the Appeals Officer

During the second appeal process, a separate Appeals Officer is assigned to review the case. Similar to the initial appeal, the Appeals Officer will schedule a hearing to allow the victim to present their arguments and provide any further evidence or documentation in support of their application.

Recording of the hearing

To ensure an accurate record of the proceedings, the hearing conducted during the second appeal process is typically recorded. This recording serves as a reference for the Appeals Officer when making their final decision.

It is important for victims to fully cooperate and provide truthful and accurate information during the hearing.

Decision timeline for the Appeals Officer

Following the hearing, the Appeals Officer has approximately 30 days to issue a decision on the second appeal. This timeline allows for a thorough evaluation of the case and provides the victim with a prompt resolution regarding their eligibility for assistance from the VOCP.

Third and final appeal process

If a victim disagrees with the decision made by the Appeals Officer, they can initiate a third and final appeal within 15 days of receiving the decision. This third appeal signifies the last opportunity for the victim to present their case and address any concerns that may have arisen during the previous appeal processes.

Hearing by the Board of Examiners

During the third and final appeal process, the case is reviewed by the Board of Examiners. The Board is responsible for making the final decision on the appeal.

It is important to note that the Board’s decision is binding and cannot be appealed further within the VOCP system. Once the Board’s decision is issued, it will signify the end of the appeal process.

Possible outcomes of the Board’s decision

The Board of Examiners can reach three possible outcomes with their decision: affirm, reverse, or remand. If the Board affirms the previous decision, it means that the denial of assistance is upheld.

If the Board reverses the decision, it signifies that the application for VOCP assistance is approved. In cases where the Board remands the decision, it means that further evaluation or investigation is necessary before a final decision can be reached.

Additional Information and Resources

Reference to crime victims advocacy in Nevada

For victims seeking further assistance or resources in Nevada, there are several organizations that specialize in crime victims’ advocacy. These organizations provide support services, legal guidance, and counseling to help victims navigate the aftermath of a crime.

Victims can reach out to these advocacy groups to access additional resources and support tailored to their specific needs.

Legal references mentioned in the article

Throughout this article, there have been references to various legal aspects of the VOCP, including eligibility requirements and the appeal process. For individuals seeking a deeper understanding of the legal aspects, it may be helpful to consult relevant statutes or regulations governing the VOCP.

These legal references provide comprehensive information on the program and its processes, ensuring victims are well-informed and educated about their rights and options. In conclusion, the appeal process for denied VOCP applications offers victims an opportunity to present their case and seek reconsideration of their eligibility for assistance.

By adhering to the specified timelines and requirements, victims can navigate the appeal process and potentially overturn a denial decision. It is important for victims to remain engaged and cooperative throughout the appeals process, providing accurate and relevant information to support their claim.

In addition, victims can access crime victims advocacy services and consult legal references to further understand their rights and available resources.

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